Code of conduct and ethics
RDA Committee members and employees are required to be people of good character who reflect accepted standards of behaviour. They need to be open, honest and accountable, and to act in good faith. RDA Committee members and employees need to be aware of the responsibilities attached to their roles.
Further information is in Section 5 of the Better Practice Guide.
- Personal and Professional Behaviour
- Fairness and Equity
- Use of Information
- Conditions of RDA Committee Membership and Employment
- Conflicts of Interest
- Gifts and Benefits
- Public Comment
- Corrupt and Unethical Conduct
- Breaches of the Code
- Allegations of Impropriety
RDA Committee members and staff are required to be people of good character who reflect accepted standards of behaviour. They need to be open, honest and accountable, and to act in good faith. RDA Committees and staff members need to be aware of the responsibilities attached to their roles.
For the purposes of this advice, the term ‘RDA Committee members’ includes Chairs and Deputy Chairs.
RDA committee members and staff are expected always to act in the best interests of the community in their dealings with government agencies, the business, other organisations and individuals by:
- being honest and exercising all due care and diligence in the performance of their duties and functions
- maintaining the confidentiality of information made available in the course of their duties and of RDA committee decisions
- never making improper use of their position, or the information gained through that position, to the advantage of themselves or any other person
- never taking any course of action that would bring into disrepute or otherwise disadvantage the RDA committee, the Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications (the department) or the Commonwealth, the relevant state or territory government department, the relevant state or territory Minister responsible for regional development or local government in the RDA Committee region
- disclosing any material or personal interest in RDA committee or regional economic development matters, and subsequently abstain from any discussion or vote on those issues
- being bound by, and committed to, decisions legitimately taken by the RDA committee, whether or not they agree with the decision;
- demonstrating loyalty to the public interest and to the standards set out in the Funding Agreement and this Guide
- providing authorised persons, fellow members and auditors when asked, with complete, accurate and correct information, which is not misleading in any respect
Personal and Professional Behaviour
Duties must be performed diligently, impartially and conscientiously to the best of each member's ability. Members must comply with all relevant state, or territory and Commonwealth legislation.
Fairness and Equity
It is important that the principles of fairness and equity are both complied with and are seen to be complied with. These principles are:
- taking all relevant information into consideration and not taking any irrelevant information or opinion into consideration
- dealing with like situations in a consistent and fair manner, but treating each matter on its merits
- acting in a reasonable, just and non-discriminatory manner
- taking all reasonable steps to ensure that the information upon which decisions or actions are based is factually correct; and
- only acting for proper and relevant purposes, and on proper and relevant grounds
Use of Information
Information provided to an RDA committee may come with the understanding that the information will be treated as confidential, commercial-in-confidence and/or sensitive. It is important to ensure the integrity and security of official documents for which Committee members are responsible and to respect the rights of the providers of information. In accordance with the Disclosure of Information clause of the Funding Agreement, RDA Committees should not disclose information that the Commonwealth has designated as confidential. Confidential information must not be released unless:
- required by law
- freedom of Information / Right to Information legislation requires the release
- permission has been granted by the Commonwealth or, where relevant, the State or Territory government, local government, or the provider of the information
The above does not affect the application of specific contractual arrangements to particular confidential information under any contract entered into by the RDA Committee.
Conditions of RDA Committee Membership and Employment
RDA Committee members are expected to represent the Committees’ interests of the region, rather than those of any particular organisation(s), business or local council, and must be available to participate in committee meetings and activities. Committee members and employees must:
- as a matter of principle, be excluded from tendering for consultancy or contract work for or on behalf of the RDA Committee
- comply with the relevant state or territory associations’ incorporation legislation, and the conditions stipulated by the department and the relevant state or territory government department in the Funding Agreement(s) with the RDA Committee regarding the allocation of administration and/or project funds
- be people of good character who reflect accepted standards of community behaviour. This includes, but is not limited to, not having a civil or criminal conviction punishable by a period of imprisonment and not being an undischarged bankrupt
Conflicts of Interest
Conflict of interest is one of the most important governance issues for RDA Committees. As recipients of Commonwealth funds, it is essential that RDA committees undertake their activities in a fair, non-biased and apolitical manner, without actual or perceived conflicts of interest in the decision-making.
As some conflicts of interest may be unavoidable, RDA committees need to manage all conflicts of interest within an ethical, open and transparent framework that requires the committee Chair, Deputy Chair, members and personnel to act with integrity, impartiality, good faith and in the best interests of the committee at all times.
Transparency is fundamental to the principles of good governance and managing conflicts of interest. RDA Committees should build an ethical culture by consistently requiring conflicts to be identified, recorded and dealt with properly. The Funding Agreement requires RDA Committees to take all reasonable steps to identify any conflicts of interest and to maintain a register of these. Declaration of conflicts of interest should be a standing item on all RDA Committee agendas.
Declaration and discussion of conflicts of interest should appear early on the RDA committee agenda and prior to the discussion on any substantive issues.
A conflict is defined in the Funding Agreement as an actual, potential or perceived conflict of interest arising through an RDA Committee member or RDA personnel engaging in any activity or obtaining any interest that is likely to or has potential to conflict with or restrict the RDA Committee in engaging in the Activities fairly and independently. When assessing conflicts of interest, the RDA committee should always take a conservative approach and carefully consider the perception of a conflict by the general public. The test should always be: Could a member of the community, on the face of it and with limited information, consider the matter to be a conflict of interest?
Identifying a conflict of interest
A conflict of interest arises when a RDA Committee Chair, Deputy Chair, member or personnel:
- has a personal, business, or financial interest that could be considered to influence their work with the RDA committee, their contribution to debates by the RDA committee, and/or decisions taken by the RDA committee
- uses information and/or contacts gained through working in a professional capacity for the RDA committee to benefit their own personal business interests in any way, or inform other organisations that they are involved in outside the RDA committee where those organisations could benefit directly or indirectly from the information
Conflicts of interest can be direct or indirect, for example:
- the RDA committee Chair, Deputy Chair, member or employees owning or having an interest in a business that is under consideration to provide goods are services to an RDA committee
- a close family member being employed by an organisation applying for support for a project
- the RDA Committee Chair, Deputy Chair, member or employees participating in a decision that results in their gaining an economic or financial benefit or a non-financial benefit, such as a gift being given to the individual involved in making the decision
- the RDA committee employs a partner, relative or close friend of a Committee member or an employee who is then responsible for approving benefits, such as reimbursement of travel or salary increase for that person
- progressing personal business or personal business relationships through the course of RDA committee professional business
RDA committees should contact the department’s liaison officer if they have any questions about conflict of interest arrangements or whether a particular activity constitutes a conflict.
Disclosing a conflict of interest
The Commonwealth expects all RDA committees to have clearly documented principles and procedures for handling conflicts of interest, consistent with their constitution, the Funding Agreement and this Guide. In addition, the declaration of conflicts of interest must be a standing agenda item for all RDA committee and sub-committee meetings.
If, while performing RDA business, the committee Chair believes that he or she has a conflict or potential conflict of interest, he or she must disclose the nature of the conflict to the committee. Similarly, the Deputy Chair, committee members or personnel must disclose any real, perceived or potential conflict to the Chair of their RDA committee as soon as that conflict or potential conflict becomes apparent. Such declarations should be made immediately after the committee has received the agenda and papers for its next meeting. The interests of immediate family members and close associates should also be disclosed to the extent that they are known and could be considered to lead to a conflict of interest. All disclosures, discussions and decisions on conflicts of interest must be recorded in the Minutes of the relevant committee meeting.
If a situation arises where any member of the RDA committee (or employee) believes that there is an undisclosed conflict or potential conflict of interest, the matter should, in the first instance, be raised with the party who may be conflicted. Such a discussion should be sufficient to suggest that a potential conflict exists and the matter should then be listed for discussion by the Committee at its next meeting. If doubt continues to exist, the matter should be raised with the Chair of the committee or with the department if related to the Chair.
Following disclosure, the remaining RDA committee members must determine whether or not there is a conflict of interest. Where it is determined that a conflict of interest exists, or may be perceived to exist, the RDA committee must determine a course of action which ensures that any subsequent decisions and/or actions are, and are seen to be, free of undue influence or bias.
In doing this, the RDA Committee should refer to its Constitution, which may prescribe arrangements with respect to voting on decisions where a conflict, or the perception of a conflict of interest exists. In the absence of such direction, the RDA Committee may take action to preclude the member with the identified conflict from:
- receiving any subsequent or related papers
- being present and/or participating in the consideration, discussion or debate on the matter
- voting on the matter
- being counted in quorum for the vote on the matter
- being privy to the record of discussion of the matter, including the record which is set out in the Minutes of the meeting
The decision of the RDA Committee (and the steps taken to resolve or deal with the perceived or actual conflict of interest) must be recorded in the Minutes of the RDA Committee meeting.
Where a conflict of interest arises or is perceived to arise, the department may investigate the circumstances of the conflict to determine that the action taken to address the conflict is appropriate.
Managing an ongoing Conflict of Interest
A different situation arises when a conflict of interest is ongoing and may continue to affect an individual's ability to perform RDA Committee business or contribute to Committee discussions, deliberations and/or decision-making.
In the case of ongoing conflicts of interest, RDA Committees should conduct an initial investigation into the conflict, including the evaluation of any potential remedies, and a risk assessment which:
- identifies the risks
- evaluates the nature of the risks (for example, if the risk eventuated, would the consequences be serious?)
- evaluates the likelihood of the risks (for example, is it probable that the risk will occur?)
- considers whether the risk may be acceptable to the Commonwealth, relevant State or Territory governments, and the public
- determines whether the proposed remedies (if any) would adequately resolve or otherwise manage the risk
- leads to the RDA Committee notifying the department immediately if it is determined that a conflict restricts the RDA Committee from undertaking activities in a fair and independent way, including advice of what measures are being taken to prevent any such restriction
All action taken to address these situations must be documented and readily accessible. Where the risk cannot be mitigated, the RDA Committee Chair, Deputy Chair or committee member should be excluded from all discussion on the matter, including receiving papers and records of discussion and decision.
Some general advice on procedures to manage conflicts of interest and conflicts of role is available from the Australian Public Service Commission’s website.
Section 5.6 of this Guide requires that, as a matter of principle, Committee members and staff must be excluded from tendering for consultancy or contract work for or on behalf of the Committee. In rare cases, however, the RDA Committee may be able to substantiate that a Committee or staff member is the only provider that can reasonably provide a service in that region due to the nature of that service and the location of the RDA Committee. In such a case, the RDA Committee must follow the requirements of this section 5.6, including that the RDA Committee approves the work, the terms are reasonable and comparable with those elsewhere and that the selection process is open and transparent, documented and stored in the RDA Committee’s conflict of interest records.
Gifts, Benefits and Assets
A Committee member or employee of the RDA Committee must never demand or request any gift or benefit for the member or anyone else in connection with his or her committee work. A member or employee should not accept any gift or benefit if he or she, or a reasonable person, thinks that the person offering the gift is likely to expect the member or employee to be influenced in the way that he or she does his or her RDA Committee work as a result of the gift.
Generally, non-token gifts should be accepted only in exceptional circumstances. Where non-token gifts are accepted, it would be appropriate to inform the Chair of the RDA Committee or the next meeting of the Committee. If the member or employee is in any doubt about whether or not a gift is token, he or she should notify the Chair.
As set out in the guidance on asset disposal, RDA Committees should follow proper procedure for the disposal of assets, including not selling these to Committee members, RDA personnel, contractors, or to friends or relatives of any of the forgoing.
With respect to activities funded by the Commonwealth, State or Territory or local governments, the RDA Committee should not make any statements or give any undertaking that could be interpreted as committing the Commonwealth Minister or relevant State or Territory Minister or the Commonwealth, State or Territory or local governments to a particular action or expenditure. This position should be made clear in any negotiations which the committee, its members, staff or representatives undertake with any company, firm or other body, or member of the public.
Whilst it is recognised that RDA Committee members as members of the community have the right to make public comment and enter into public debate on political and social issues, care must be taken not to convey the impression that such comment is an official comment made in their capacity as a RDA Committee member or member of RDA staff.
If it is not possible for the RDA Committee member or member of RDA staff to make it clear that he or she is speaking personally, it may be appropriate not to make any public comment.
While constructive criticism of the operations of RDA and the departments is welcome, it is inappropriate for such criticism to be reflected in press releases, public documents or statements. The Chair has the role of channelling matters of this nature to the State, Territory or Commonwealth Ministers and/or senior staff of their departments.
Corrupt and Unethical Conduct
If a committee member or employee of the RDA Committee is aware of any possible corrupt or unethical conduct by any committee member(s) or employee, it must be reported to the Chair of the Committee. The member does not need to have proof that corruption or unethical conduct is occurring. He or she needs merely to suspect it on reasonable grounds. The RDA Chair can then seek specialist advice for managing the particular issue. Corrupt and unethical conduct can also be reported to the department, or the relevant State or Territory departmental manager responsible for regional development, where appropriate. This does not alleviate any right or obligation of the relevant Committee member or employee to also report the conduct to relevant authorities (for example, the police) as required under relevant legislation.
People who report possible corrupt or unethical conduct will not be penalised for reporting possible misconduct.
Breaches of the Code
RDA Committees should be vigilant for any actual or perceived breaches of the Code, and be prepared to take their own disciplinary action as necessary. Breaches of the Code are likely to result in disciplinary action. Sanctions, including termination of a Committee member’s appointment by the Chair or termination of a Chair appointment by the Minister(s), will be considered in the event of a serious breach of the Code.
In addition, the Commonwealth can make use of formal powers under various provisions of the Funding Agreement to help ensure that RDA Committees meet the standards of the Code. In particular, the Conflict clause of the Funding Agreement requires RDA Committees to have regard to the Code, and specifies that the department may investigate the circumstances of the handling of the conflict or breach of the Committee Code and determine the action that You or the Committee must take to resolve or otherwise deal with the conflict or breach. Failure to do so can lead to removal of Committee members(s), removal of personnel, the withholding or recovery of funds, or the termination of the Funding Agreement. Grounds for termination for default expressly include an RDA Committee undertaking any act, including relating to its internal management procedures, that the Commonwealth considers will seriously compromise the efficiency and effectiveness of the RDA Committee’s conduct.
More broadly, the You Are Required To Carry Out The Activity clause of the Funding Agreement requires all RDA Committees to:
- comply with all relevant laws and, in particular, maintain robust practices and procedures regarding fraud control
- ensure that their internal management practices, including governance documents such as their constitutions, give effect to and remain consistent with their obligations under the Funding Agreement
Under the Management of Funding clause of the Funding Agreement, all RDA Committees are required to carry out the Activity in accordance with the Funding Agreement and ‘diligently, effectively and to a high professional standard.’
Depending on the nature of the breach of the Code, referral to appropriate authorities may also be necessary.
Allegations of Impropriety
It is important that the conduct of RDA Committee members and employees is at all times perceived in the community to reflect the principles and ethical requirements set out in this Code. If allegations concerning the conduct of a member are made or aired in the public domain that, if true, would constitute a breach of the Code, the member concerned must stand down from the committee upon request by the Commonwealth and relevant State or Territory governments and relevant State or Territory local government association where appropriate.
Allegations made in the public domain include being:
- referred to in sworn evidence (either oral or written) in any court or tribunal proceeding in relation to an act of impropriety
- the subject of or named as a person of interest in any investigation by the State or Territory ombudsman or Commonwealth ombudsman
- the subject of or named as a person of interest in any investigation or proceedings by any other governmental or quasi-governmental body in any jurisdiction
The member may resume his or her membership of the RDA Committee when the relevant court, tribunal or other body makes a finding of fact that the allegations are unfounded, or otherwise when the Commonwealth and relevant State or Territory governments and where appropriate the relevant State or Territory local government association, so determines.